Between 2008 and 2016 the number of cars driving across Dronning Louises Bro in Copenhagen dropped by nearly 60%. But the total number of people using the bridge increased by 16000 per day, thanks to higher numbers of cyclists. Additionally, shifting the traffic from cars to bicycles resulted more attractive public spaces that people not only commute through, but also like to spend time in.
By: Aleksander Buczynski, ECF Infrastructure Officer
Cycle highway C95 is 21 km long and connects north-western suburbs of Copenhagen with the city centre. The part through Nørrebrogade is one of the busiest sections of Copenhagen cycle network. 48 thousand cyclists per day were counted in autumn of 2016 at Dronning Louises Bro (Queen Louise Bridge). With these volumes of traffic, minimum widths of cycle paths are no longer good enough.
Redistribution of road space to widen cycle paths, as well as create more space for pedestrians and bus passengers, was done gradually between 2008 and 2016. In many cases, provisional or pilot solutions were tested before the reconstruction into the current shape.
Wider cycle paths
Up until 2008, Queen Louises Bridge used to have 4 lanes for cars, unidirectional cycle tracks on both sides and narrow sidewalks. First, the external traffic lanes were turned into cycle lanes, leaving 2 lanes for cars. For several years, cyclists could choose either to use cycle path (narrow, but further from traffic) or cycle lane (on carriageway). Then the bridge was reconstructed to widen cycle paths and sidewalks, reducing the space for cars permanently.
Further along Nørrebrogade cycle lanes were also widened to between 3,0 and 3,5 m per direction to accommodate growing bicycle traffic.
Aerial shots of Dronning Louises Bro in 2008 (4 car lanes, narrow cycle paths), 2010 (2 car lanes, cycle lanes and cycle paths) and 2013 (2 car lanes, wider cycle paths and sidewalks). Photo credit: The City of Copenhagen.
Transitional solution on Dronning Louises Bro, with both cycle paths and cycle lanes functioning in parallel (2010). Traces of removed markings for second car lane still visible on the carriageway.
Cycle path along Nørrebrogade widened to 3,0 – 3,5 m per direction. Note clear priority of the cycle infrastructure (continuity of surface, maintaining raised elevation) over the exit from a side road (Griffenfeldsgade).
More space for passengers at bus stops
At bus stops the carriageway was narrowed to provide space for bus stop platforms. Having separate platforms in addition to sidewalk reduced conflicts between cyclists and passengers embarking or disembarking busses. This is alike to measures that can be seen on the Flemish F3 cycle highway in Beisem but applied in much denser urban environment.
Provisional solution for bus stop platform on Nørrebrogade (2010). There is dedicated space for embarking and disembarking the bus, but passengers still have to cross the bicycle path to reach it from the shelter.
Current situation – bus shelter moved to an island between the cycle path and carriageway.
Less cars, more people
Because of different measures applied on Nørrebrogade and the bridge itself, between 2008 and 2016 the number of cars driving across Droning Louises Bridge dropped by nearly 60%. But the total number of people using the bridge increased by 16 thousand per day! Number of cyclist grew by 60% and bus passengers by 5%. An interesting side effect is that the number of people spending time on the bridge – hanging out, sitting on the benches – increased as much as 15 times. Shifting the traffic from cars to bicycles resulted in the bridge becoming an attractive public space.
Less cars, more people. Infographics source: The Copenhagen Bicycle Account 2016.
Original post, November 2018: https://ecf.com/news-and-events/news/wider-cycle-paths-more-attractive-public-space