Abstract

Every day European cities demonstrate that a reduction in the use of private cars is not just desirable but feasible. Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bremen, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Ferrara, Graz and Strasbourg apply incentives that favour public transport, car-sharing and bicycles, along with restrictive measures on the use of private cars in their town centres. These cities do not harm their economic growth or access to their shopping centres. In fact, they promote them because they understand that unbridled use of cars for individual journeys is no longer compatible with easy mobility for the majority of citizens. Their approach is fully in line with the European Union’s international commitments regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and European legislation on air quality. This provides that local plans to manage and improve urban air quality have to be implemented and citizens have to be informed in the event of significant pollution. This has been the case for several years for ozone. The way in which cities (and subsequently major companies) organise their transport systems will therefore be a central concern in the years ahead, especially as each year the Commission will publish a list of the areas where air does not meet an acceptable level of quality

Title of Work

Cycling: the way ahead for towns and cities

Authors

European Commission

Resources